We would like to present you the history of how turbochargers have evolved from the beginning of the 20th century till now.
The history of turbochargers is almost as old as the history of a combustion engine. At the turn of the 19th and 20th century Mr Gottlieb Daimler and Mr Rudolf Diesel surveyed on how to enhance power and reduce fuel consumption by engines through initial air compression.
The first turbocharger (which worked based on engine exhaust gas drive) was built by Dr. Alfred Büchi in the years 1909 -1912. Three years later he presented a prototype of a turbo charged diesel engine, but his invention was unrecognized at that time.
The 30’s of the 20th century were the time of big development of chargers in huge engines: ship, locomotive and industrial engines. During the War a rapid aviation technology and gas turbines development took place. Due to that new materials and concepts were formed which made the development of turbochargers for diesel engines possible.
Cummis, Scania and Volvo began to manufacture lorries equipped with turbocharger. They started in 1954 and it was possible because of Kurt Beirer, who prepared the first compact model of a turbocharger. It should be also mentioned that 1952 a car equipped with the Cummins’ turbocharged engine was in the pole position in Indianapolis.