Relatively simple machinery, when it comes to its structure, is at the same time constructed with the highest precision and state-of-the-art materials. Turbochargers are used to improve engine’s power, torque and flexibility.
The most important elements of a turbocharger include compressor and turbine wheel, along with exhaust and air inlets and outlets. Exhaust gases are used to increase the pressure of air in the combustion chamber. In more advanced engines an intercooler is used to additionally lower the temperature of the compressed air before it reaches the engine. As a result, the air’s density is increased (number of oxygen molecules is higher) which improves the combustion process.